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bitset.h

/*
 * bitset.h -- some simple bit vector set operations.
 *
 * This is useful for sets of small non-negative integers.  There are
 * some obvious set operations that are not implemented because I
 * don't need them right now.
 *
 * These functions represent sets as arrays of unsigned 32-bit
 * integers allocated on the heap.  The first entry contains the set
 * cardinality (number of elements allowed), followed by one or more
 * words containing bit vectors.
 *
 *  $Id: bitset.h,v 1.1 2005/01/03 00:15:31 joq Exp $
 */

/*
 *  Copyright (C) 2005 Jack O'Quin
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
 *  published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
 *  License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *  
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *  General Public License for more details.
 *  
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */

#ifndef __bitset_h__
#define __bitset_h__

#include <inttypes.h>               /* POSIX standard fixed-size types */
#include <assert.h>                 /* `#define NDEBUG' to disable */

/* On some 64-bit machines, this implementation may be slightly
 * inefficient, depending on how compilers allocate space for
 * uint32_t.  For the set sizes I currently need, this is acceptable.
 * It should not be hard to pack the bits better, if that becomes
 * worthwhile.
 */
typedef uint32_t _bitset_word_t;
typedef _bitset_word_t *bitset_t;

#define WORD_SIZE(cardinality) (1+((cardinality)+31)/32)
#define BYTE_SIZE(cardinality) (WORD_SIZE(cardinality)*sizeof(_bitset_word_t))
#define WORD_INDEX(element) (1+(element)/32)
#define BIT_INDEX(element) ((element)&037)

static inline void
bitset_add(bitset_t set, unsigned int element)
{
      assert(element < set[0]);
      set[WORD_INDEX(element)] |= (1 << BIT_INDEX(element));
}

static inline void
bitset_copy(bitset_t to_set, bitset_t from_set)
{
      assert(to_set[0] == from_set[0]);
      memcpy(to_set, from_set, BYTE_SIZE(to_set[0]));
}

static inline void
bitset_create(bitset_t *set, unsigned int cardinality)
{
      *set = (bitset_t) calloc(WORD_SIZE(cardinality),
                         sizeof(_bitset_word_t));
      assert(*set);
      *set[0] = cardinality;
}

static inline void
bitset_destroy(bitset_t *set)
{
      if (*set) {
            free(*set);
            *set = (bitset_t) 0;
      }
}

static inline int
bitset_empty(bitset_t set)
{
      int i;
      _bitset_word_t result = 0;
      int nwords = WORD_SIZE(set[0]);
      for (i = 1; i < nwords; i++) {
            result |= set[i];
      }
      return (result == 0);
}

static inline int
bitset_contains(bitset_t set, unsigned int element)
{
      assert(element < set[0]);
      return (0 != (set[WORD_INDEX(element)] & (1<<BIT_INDEX(element))));
}

static inline void
bitset_remove(bitset_t set, unsigned int element)
{
      assert(element < set[0]);
      set[WORD_INDEX(element)] &= ~(1<<BIT_INDEX(element));
}

#endif /* __bitset_h__ */

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